Lake Management Inc https://www.lakemanagementinc.net Commercial Aquatic Maintenance & Repair Services Tue, 24 Mar 2020 17:22:06 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.3.2 https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/cropped-66-32x32.png Lake Management Inc https://www.lakemanagementinc.net 32 32 What Are Emergent Weeds? https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/what-are-emergent-weeds/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=what-are-emergent-weeds Tue, 24 Mar 2020 17:21:32 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=5151 What Are Emergent Weeds And The Different Types Of Common Water Weeds? Is your pond or lake being crowded out by surface weeds? Here we discuss what emergent weeds are, their negative effects on fish and other aquatic life, how they invade shallow water along shorelines, and how to stop them from turning once-clear waterways […]

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What Are Emergent Weeds And The Different Types Of Common Water Weeds?

Is your pond or lake being crowded out by surface weeds? Here we discuss what emergent weeds are, their negative effects on fish and other aquatic life, how they invade shallow water along shorelines, and how to stop them from turning once-clear waterways into dominant emergent weed areas

Emergent plants are rigid weeds that don’t rely on water for survival, and aggressive growth can cause them to migrate into once clear waters, blocking lake or pond access, fouling up beaches, and prohibiting recreational activities. A common example of an emergent plant is the Cattail. Most emergent weed varieties can be controlled by applying topical treatments that allow for very precise control.

Cattail removal

Cattails

Cattails are long, slender, grass-like plants with flat leaves about 1 inch wide. They produce long stalks with seed spikes at the ends. New infestations can rapidly spread to a depth of up to four feet and once established they can grow up to 10 feet tall, obstructing lake and pond views. New infestations of Cattails have been known to completely eliminate vital shallow water areas that are vital habitats for fish and other aquatic species that us it for breeding and protection. They trap organic debris like leaves and grass clippings, building a foundation that creates shallower conditions. As this foundation expands, encroachment by cattails further accelerates the transition from open water areas to dominant emergent weed lakes, ponds or shorelines.

Bulrush removal

Bulrush (Scirpus spp)

The Bulrush (Scirpus spp) is a common emergent plant found in marshes and shallow shorelines throughout the United States.

Bulrush plants have long, thin, round or triangular stems that may or may not have any leaves at all. They produce long stems with clusters of seeds and brownish flowers at the ends. There are many different species of bulrush that invade shallow water areas along shallow shorelines. In the wild, bulrushes provide excellent habitats for fish and can help stabilize shoreline sediments. Excessive growth, however, can block lake access and inhibit water recreation.

Purple Loosestrife

The Southern Naiad is a common variety of the Naiad family. Sometimes confused with Chara, this bushy, brittle and slender emergent plant is a perennial weed easily identifiable by its reddish, purple flower spikes that bloom from July through September. The leaves have tiny spines that taper to a fine point. Purple Loosestrife is an extremely noxious and invasive weed that, by law, is not allowed to be planted or transplanted in order to control its spread.

Are you suffering from Algae Issues? Feel free to checkout our Algae Guide to determine which algae is affecting your water feature

Smartweed pond plant removal

Smartweed

Smartweed forms green to yellow or brownish surface mats that are bubble filled and commonly grows in shallow waters along shorelines. As the plants mature beneath the surface of the water, stringy strands that resemble cotton candy may appear that attach themselves to other weeds, dock legs, or rocks. The plants have oblong, alternatively arranged leaves of about four inches in length and rose, dense pink or white flowers that appear above the water in midsummer. Smartweed may be emergent in shallow water or grow completely underwater with only the flowers held erect and visible above the waterline.

Creeping Water Primrose

Except for small white flowers that bloom during the summer, the water primrose grows entirely under the water. Dark green, oval-shaped leaves are arranged in clusters of 3 or 4 around branched stems. Creeping water primrose generally grows in shallow water and can creep up to 5 – 6 feet long. It has hollow stems with many red leaves that are covered in on both sides by minute, soft hair. If the plants become invasive it is recommended to apply Rodeo to the emergent portion to control growth with excellent results.

If you pond or lake is suffering from emergent weed overgrowth, feel free to reach out to us today for a free consultation. We’re able to manage your water features pertaining to exactly how they need to be managed. Each pond or lake is its own ecosystem requiring custom aquatic maintenance plans we offer bi-weekly, monthly, as well as annual aquatic management for all of Southern California. Call today for a free quote (714) 312-1260

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Should You Use Copper Sulfate or Chelated Copper For Your Pond Care? https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/copper-sulfate-vs-chelated-copper-for-pond-care/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=copper-sulfate-vs-chelated-copper-for-pond-care Mon, 16 Mar 2020 03:53:07 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=5146 Should You Use Chelated Copper Or Copper Sulfate To Care For Your Pond or Lake? Copper is a very diverse element. It may be used in various ways, depending on the specific chemical formulation. Copper in its various forms can be found in wiring, plumbing, artwork, and a number of other areas. There were over […]

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Should You Use Chelated Copper Or Copper Sulfate To Care For Your Pond or Lake?

Copper is a very diverse element. It may be used in various ways, depending on the specific chemical formulation. Copper in its various forms can be found in wiring, plumbing, artwork, and a number of other areas. There were over 19 million tons of copper mined all over the world in 2016, with 1.4 million of these tons mined in the U.S. Copper can be found everywhere, and according to estimates, its production will continue to increase as countries all over the world continue developing their economies and infrastructure.

Although copper can be found everywhere, water can be too. All too often copper usage and mining results in residual copper being left in the water. However, don’t worry – copper is not all the same. All copper is not bad.

One of the main environmentally beneficial ways that copper is used these days is controlling algae. Algae may be found in nearly every pond, and serves critical roles in water, like serving as a good source and helping with oxygen production. Unfortunately, anybody who has been around ponds for some time knows algae can easily become out of control. Ponds that are affected can go from looking beautiful to pea soup in just one day. In these cases, it is necessary to take immediate action. Although algae can usually be a positive factor, they can be a genuine threat to all other types of life that are in the water once they bloom. Blooms of algae use lots of oxygen and some species also produce toxins that are fatal to other organisms. So what is the most effective method for pond owners if this is a problem for them?

HABS (harmful algae bloom) removal

Copper-based Algaecides

What copper crystals (granular) are is crystallized copper. It is the oldest and cheapest method to apply copper that acts as an algaecide. Simply toss it in the water where there are algae. The crystals dissolve and they kill the algae that come into contact with. Although that sounds easy, it is also the most damaging method. Copper crystals kill only what they come into contact with. Therefore, a big pond will need to have a lot of copper in order for an effective result to be achieved.

Liquid cooper is another approach that covers a broad range of products where different mixtures of copper are used to varying effects. Compared to copper crystals, liquid copper is a lot more efficient since it actually remains suspended in water longer. Copper crystals have a tendency to sink directly to the boom. There is still the same problem, however. More copper product must be used in order to kill more algae.

Interested in an alternative to Copper-based Algaecides? Checkout our other Lake Treatment Solutions

Chelated copper is another category to consider, which is a slightly more complex form of light copper. Although chelated copper algaecides also are liquid. However, they are defined by the word chelated. The name is used to describe a chemical process that involves a protective covering that attaches to the atoms of copper. Chelation is similar to the shell that surrounds M&M candy. This surrounding the chocolate provides protection from the outside. It only begins to break apart when it responds to heat (or being chewed in this case). When using chelators, the goal is the product’s main ingredient not being used up too fast. Whenever chelated copper gets applied to blooms of algae, more copper is gradually released, while the protective covering continues to dissolve in water slowly. That results in a longer time for the algae to be actively killed while less copper needs to be used since it works for a longer period of time. Therefore, it is the most ecologically friendly option as well.

Although these are three main copper-based algaecide categories, there actually are not many varieties that are for sale in the marketplace. Although there is not a wide range of choices, it still can be hard to determine which is the best choice. Chelating agents have a tendency to be proprietary, and it can be nearly impossible to determine which products are organic or natural. It also can be hard to find copper products that do not harm the ecosystem. However, if you are able to locate the right product, it can definitely be an effective solution.

It is not boxed into the environment and may be found at various levels in the sediment that human copper products have never touched. So we need to be aware that when copper is used in excessive amounts, it can turn into a problem. Therefore, it makes sense what when copper algaecides are being considered that you want to ensure that a solution is used that contains the smallest possible amounts of copper that can still produce the best results.

Why Is The Balance Of Copper So Important?

No matter what the source the copper comes from, it binds to organic matter. Once it reaches into the sediment layer, it is present in the upper couple of inches of substrate. This is where organic matter is most concentrated. That part of the sediment contains some of the most essential organisms for a freshwater ecosystem, which includes beneficial invertebrates, plants, and bacteria. This area is where they call home and combined they comprised the based of the entire freshwater food chain. Smaller organisms tend to feed on microorganisms and floating plant material (detritus), and the consumption levels continue to increase.

Fire algae (Pyrrophyta) cleaning services

An example of those levels contained in freshwater is the way that phytoplankton photosynthesizes. They are consumed by larval fish, then sunfish eat the larval fish, and a heron grabs the sunfish out of the water. That is a very general overview of how life flows, but it does illustrate an integral aspect of ecology. It is very important to note that everything begins at the boom. If there are no microorganisms and plants, there is no food for smaller organisms, and then, in turn, there will be nothing to eat for the bigger organisms. It appears that the key to a sustainable pond and functioning ecosystem is maintaining healthy sediment.

If there is an algae bloom that is beginning to spread, then there needs to be an immediate concern for the pond’s health. It might be obvious that the algae bloom must be dealt with. However, the huge number of products that are available for that situation can be very overwhelming. Chelated copper can be very useful in these situations. The algae blooms can be killed using a small dose, and with minimal amounts of copper being added into the ecosystem. The small dose of copper also allows different products to be used after application. An enzyme product that has extra bacteria add a couple of days after the chelated copper is applied is one of the more common supplements for chelated copper applications. They speed up the process of dead algae decomposition, which reduces the chance that the blooms will reoccur. Given how well the chelated copper works with those organisms, it is proof of how less damaging it is compared to copper crystal products.

Overall Pond Balance

Maintaining balance in a pond is the goal of every good pond owner. Although a pond might look peaceful, it can be easy to forget that there is an ongoing battle at all times for space and resources among various organisms. Algae is not an exception. Whenever conditions are right, they are among the most successful organisms when it comes to rapidly expanding. Control needs to occur decisively and quickly. However, when algae have cleared up, pond owners still want to see their fish and plants thrive. Chelated copper is an excellent way to tackle that problem and allow the environment to flourish once the algae have subsided. The best treatment method to use is one that targets the problem specifically, with minimal or no side effects. If used properly, the solution can be based on chelated copper.

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Koi Pond 101: How To Prepare for Installation https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/pond-installation/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pond-installation Sun, 08 Mar 2020 21:11:07 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=5131 Installing a Koi Pond in your Backyard? Here’s a few tips before breaking ground There is a lot of material related to installation of a koi pond, and if any landscaper wants to learn more about them and better understand them, we suggest learning as much as possible before breaking ground. Wes Glenn, the owner […]

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Installing a Koi Pond in your Backyard? Here’s a few tips before breaking ground

There is a lot of material related to installation of a koi pond, and if any landscaper wants to learn more about them and better understand them, we suggest learning as much as possible before breaking ground. Wes Glenn, the owner of Lake Management Inc, a company located in Orange County, California, has purchased many koi pond related books. He’s browsed various websites, asked around, and even looked at manufactures materials, and he realizes that koi ponds aren’t simple as people think.

Where to find Pond Supplies for your Build?

Glenn suggests gathering your pond supplies before you build. Most can be bought online or at a local Orange County pond store.  Glenn and the owners of Indland Koi have been working together for over 10 years, Lake Management Inc has referred people to the pond store for supplies, and in return the pond store referred customers to LMI for builds, maintenance, and repairs. Both companies trust each other to keep their customers happy and work well together.

Glenn says that there is more to designing and building a koi pond than putting a hole in the ground, adding some liner and adding water, and realizing this is the key to making a successful koi pond. The size of the components used in one koi pond can differ from the next, and different water flow calculations will be needed for these components. According to Glenn, the amount of water being driven through the skimmer, as well as the UV light, pond and waterfall, will be important, as well as the speed of the water. Both high flow rate and low flow rate skimmers exist. Figuring out the right design elements can take a bit of experience. In some ways, a koi pond building is similar to a swimming pool, in that both have skimmers, pumps, and filters that will have to be installed. A sand filter filter or pressure filter, two skimmers, and two centrifugal pumps are usually used when we build ponds that are larger in size.

pond pump and filtration installation

Proper Pond Equipment in Key

Lake Management Inc recommends that a UV light be used in ponds that get a lot of sunlight to prevent the growth of floating algae, and with “slow-flow” technology build in if possible. Glenn says that while the fish won’t be harmed by the algae, it will be harder to see them when it is present.

For the ponds that he makes, a 30-45 mil liner is used. Figuring out which pumps and filters are the best was a process of trial and error by Glenn but is vital to a successful pond build and should not be neglected. He says that it’s necessary for him to shop around, because the skimmer offered by a company may not be as good as their exceptional filter. Instead of using one supplier or sticking with only common brands, Glenn insists that landscapers shop around as well. To him, the quality of the products can vary greatly but he has a list of products he always uses. “Never go for products with bead technology” he says. “There are better options than these products, as they are heavily marketed and over-priced for what they offer, gravel and sand can do the job just fine” he said.

The aquatic management firm that Glenn owns is just one in the tiny amount of firms that deals with koi pond construction. Other companies build specialty ponds, but don’t handle koi ponds. Glenn believes that being able to build koi ponds and perform landscaping is good. He says that people who want a good looking landscape are the people who are likely to have a koi pond installed. His company discusses the options that are available when people want a consultation. A still landscape can’t match the beauty of a moving fish and water in a koi pond, so Glenn tries to stress the importance of koi ponds and waterfalls to the customer. He says that they are attractions that people will actually go outside to see, unlike a flower.

The idea of a fish may not be appealing at first to people who just want a pond with a waterfall. According to Glenn, not everyone is keen on the koi because they require some amount of care. Like any household pet, koi will need to be given food. Unlike most pets, koi don’t have to be fed every day. Still they must be cared for, and the skimmers needed to be cleaned often. Those who travel a lot will find it more difficult to take care of them.

koi fish supply

Koi Fish or No Fish?

Glenn states that while the initial reaction for many is to decline the fish, usually they will start to want them after having the pond for a bit. Once they add some fish to their pond, he says that they marvel in their beauty and want to add more to the pond. Even if the customers have no desire for koi, Glenn does his best to convince them into getting a pond that will be able to house them. He says koi are bigger than other smaller fish and need a pond to accommodate their size.

There are financial and practicality issues with altering a small pond. Making a small pond bigger isn’t easy to do and may require an investment that is hard to make. A minimum pond that is 32 inches deep and 20 by 15 feet in size is recommended by Glenn, with the option for bigger ponds existing. There won’t be any room for koi in a pond that is smaller than that, and they’ll have stunted growth.

How Deep Should The Pond Be?

Glenn does mention that the ponds can be too deep and they shouldn’t be made this way. A homeowner may be pleased at the idea of having a 7 feet deep pond when a builder tries to sell them on it. A pond that deep will have fish that are harder to see because they’re all at the bottom. Homeowners are more likely to interact with the fish in ponds that are 3 feet deep. When the koi see you coming, they know it’s feeding time and act like pets, which is an entertaining experience for the owners.

Glenn says that koi ponds can be added to many yards due to their adaptable nature. Homes with septic tanks are the exception, as the pond shouldn’t be anywhere near a septic field. Yards with mature trees that are large may also present a problem, as the trees roots can become a problem for the pond.

pond plants for sale

Pond Plants Add Beauty

The koi ponds that Lake Management Inc builds often times has aquatic plants mixed with them. For Glenn, the look of a koi pond goes hand in hand with landscaping, and he feels this is what sets his ponds apart from others. Other companies often leave the landscaping task to the homeowners after creating the pond. Many ponds don’t have a good visual style because they’re nothing but rocks with no landscaping. According to Glenn, people enjoy his water features because of the landscaping.

There’s a lot of information on Glenn website about koi ponds. Customers can learn about topics such as lighting, filtration, and even nitrogen cycles. Videos of the pond projects can be seen, and homeowners can sometimes get a first hand look at ponds Glenn has constructed. For Glenn, people put more trust into him as an expert when they learn more, and believes it’s what makes the company more noticeable than other companies.

Glenn has a great passion for the koi and doesn’t simply view them as a way to make money. While landscaping is his job, Glenn genuinely loves koi and water features. Ultimately, he just wants to provide his clients with ponds and water features of the highest quality.

Want to begin your pond build but not sure where to begin? Feel free to give us a call (714) 312-1260

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Should I add an Aerator Fountain to my Lake or Pond? https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/should-i-add-an-aerator-fountain-to-my-lake-or-pond/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=should-i-add-an-aerator-fountain-to-my-lake-or-pond Tue, 21 Jan 2020 19:59:14 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=5029 The Purpose and Methods of Lake Aeration Lakes are water bodies surrounded by land that enhances the beauty of nature. They are home to many marine creatures and serve as excellent fishing spots for anglers. Many local lakes store the water poured down during rain, and collect residues after storms, including homeowner associations, golf courses, […]

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The Purpose and Methods of Lake Aeration

Lakes are water bodies surrounded by land that enhances the beauty of nature. They are home to many marine creatures and serve as excellent fishing spots for anglers. Many local lakes store the water poured down during rain, and collect residues after storms, including homeowner associations, golf courses, and more – Above all, lakes act as ecosystems for living organisms and the physical environment.  

While lakes and ponds serve so many purposes, these bodies of water, often get overlooked. When was the last time you cleaned the lake or pond in your premises? Do you remember when was it last aerated? Perhaps, you don’t even remember.

Ponds and lakes require aeration to thrive. Leaving the lakes unmanaged, causes physical and chemical imbalances to develop in the water body. Lack of oxygen in the water level of lakes reduces their lifespan and damage the surrounding environment.

What is Aeration?

When the oxygen level is reduced in the lakes or ponds, aeration becomes essential. It is a process through which the content of dissolved oxygen is increased in the water. There are multiple ways of increasing the oxygen content in the lakes, including:

  •         Injecting air in the lake
  •         Injecting pure oxygen
  •         Aeration by mechanical agitation

lake diffuser installation services

Different Aeration Models

There are many options when it comes to choosing an aeration model for your pond or lake. So, if you’re considering manage a nearby lake or pond, it will be helpful knowing some of the aeration models.

Solar Aeration Models

Aeration systems that run on solar power are an all-rounder. First, solar aeration models are eco-friendly and economical. Also, these systems offer placement flexibility as they don’t require an additional power supply.

 Windmill Aeration Models

Yet another eco-friendly option for aeration. No need to mention that the aeration system administered through windmills use wind power. It pushes oxygen through the windmill compressor. The air passes from the compressor to a tube which is placed at the bottom of the lake/pond. The air is then released to the pond through a diffuser.
These two environmentally-friendly aeration models work best in remote locations. However, surface agitation is a common aeration method used for a study supply of oxygen into ponds and lakes.

Methods of Lake Aeration

Surface aerators not only help meet the oxygen need of ponds and lakes but also have an aesthetic appeal to them. Primarily, the oxygen enters the water in two ways:

  •         Diffusion from the surroundings
  •         Photosynthesis by Aqua plants

Considering the characteristics of the lake or pond, you may choose either of the following aeration systems for the water body.

lake fountain aeration installation

Aeration through Fountains

Fountains can serve as excellent aeration system. The beautiful ornamental structures, placed in the middle of a pond or lake, pump water into the air. Floating fountains are a visual treat. While the aesthetically-pleasing patterns attract the onlookers, shallow ponds and lakes also benefit from them.

 As the jets spray water and splashes back on the lake, beneficial oxygen is developed. This allows the submerged gases at the surface level to escape.

Submersed Diffused Aeration

Floating fountains are not ideal for deep ponds and lakes. For aerating the lower depth levels, submersed diffused aeration systems are the right choice. The submerged system uses an on-shore compressor for pumping air through a tube to submerge bubble diffusers.

The bubbles carry the low oxygenated water from the bottom to the surface. The water is then mixed with the atmospheric oxygen and the rich surface water before sinking back. The missing cycle helps increase the dissolved oxygen content throughout the lake or pond.

How does Lake Aeration help?

Perhaps, you think that aeration only helps stabilize oxygen levels in the water bodies. While it is true, lake aeration has much more to offer. Let’s have a look at some of the purposes that lake aeration serves.

Aeration Combats Muck

As time passes, nutrients start settling at the surface of the pond in the form of muck. The muck makes the pond unsightly and is unpleasant to feel. Also, the muck build-up causes a stingy odor and serves as a breeding ground for leeches. However, lake aeration helps reduce the muck and other decomposers accumulated at the bottom. Original content source lakemanagementinc.net

Aeration increases Oxygen Level in the Lake

Lake water needs oxygen for the aquatic creatures as well as for the development of beneficial bacteria. When the oxygen levels decrease in the pond water, the lake helps anaerobic bacteria to grow in the water.

Compared to the beneficial bacteria, anaerobic bacteria is not effective for breaking down organic elements at the surface. Anaerobic bacteria lead to the production of hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide in the lake, thereby causing an unpleasant odor. Aerating the ponds and lakes help maintain a healthy aerobic system and cause no damage.

Aeration Help Aquatic Life Survival

Aeration is equally important for the aquatic habitat to survive. In case you don’t know, oxygen levels in the water help fish swim through. As the fish swims in oxygenated water, the air molecules pass through the gills help fish to survive.

The warm water fish especially needs oxygen as low oxygen levels can kill them. An adequate supply of oxygen helps maintain the levels, thereby improving the living conditions for the warm fish. Besides fish, other aquatic animals and plants also need oxygen stabilized oxygen levels. Lake aeration helps plants at the surface to grow healthier.

Aeration deals with Stratification

Sometimes, lakes get separated into layers with each layer having a different temperature. This is called stratification and can be harmful to the natural habitat and resources in the lake. Aeration system help maintain water circulation, thereby stopping the stratification of the lake in different layers. Most commonly, environmentalists use air injection or mechanical agitation for destratification.

 Aeration Improves Water Quality

Aerating the lakes and ponds help improve the quality of water across the surface and bottom. As the oxygen circulates in the water at a regular interval, it stabilizes the Ph. Aeration also removes harmful gases from the surface, thereby balancing the alkalinity of the lake.

Final Thoughts

Ponds and lakes also need oxygen levels in an adequate amount for various reasons. When lakes are left unmanaged for a long period, muck starts to settle in the surface. The pH levels can increase to dangerous levels, posing a serious threat to aquatic habitat. Lake aeration systems are effective solutions for pond and lake management. Aeration helps improve water quality by increasing oxygen levels at the surface.

Original Content Source: Lakemanagementinc.net

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Is Algae Bad For Your Pond? https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/is-algae-bad-for-your-pond/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=is-algae-bad-for-your-pond Tue, 21 Jan 2020 19:43:02 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=5024 What is Pond Algae, and Is It Bad For My Pond? Algae is a term used for a diverse group of organisms similar to plants. These organisms exist largely in ponds but are found in other water bodies as well. Algae help maintain ecological balance in the water bodies. Summer is the peak season for […]

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What is Pond Algae, and Is It Bad For My Pond?

Algae is a term used for a diverse group of organisms similar to plants. These organisms exist largely in ponds but are found in other water bodies as well. Algae help maintain ecological balance in the water bodies.

Summer is the peak season for the growth of Algae. July and August are the months when pond algae are on full-bloom. Similar to plants, algae also grow under the sunlight. These organisms combine carbon dioxide and water to form sugar for growth and energy. 

Not sure what type of Algae you’re dealing with? Check out the most common types of pond algae we run into when managing our clienteles water features.

When Can Algae Be an Issue?

Algae are oxygen producers; however, in the absence of sunlight, algae respire at a high rate. During the respiration process, algae use sugar and oxygen, thereby releasing carbon dioxide. As a result, the oxygen level depletes in the pond or lake.

Since the shallow ponds have direct exposure of sunlight, they serve as a breeding ground for different algae. Also, shallow water is warmer, so they encourage the growth of pond algae.

Not only this aquatic vegetation is unsightly, but it also affects the quality of the aquatic ecosystem. The HABs (Harmful Algal blooms) deplete oxygen in the water and are life-threatening for the gill-breathing organisms.

algae cleaning service

Types of Algae

Algae are living organisms found in all water bodies, including lakes and ponds. Phytoplankton, commonly known as algae can be unicellular or multi-cellular. Some algae are grouped together in colonies, and there are as many as 30,000 species of algae living in water bodies.

However, pond keepers become aware of the existence of algae bloom when it appears in all its glory, affecting the ecological balance. Algae do not have stems or roots and reproduce by means of fragmentation, spores, or cell division.

Algae or cyanobacteria live on excess nutrients found in the water and exist in many shapes and colors. Some of the common pond algae are as follows.

Planktonic Algae

Planktonic algae are, perhaps, the most widespread and commonly found pond algae. Some organisms are unicellular, and some are composed of colonies of single cells. These microscopic pond plants have a variety of colors, from light blue to bright green, golden and red. Within the blue-green algae, there exist many varieties with different colors, including brown algae and yellow algae.

Planktonic algae are the primary producers in the food chain, which is the main food source in the ponds. Original content source lakemanagementinc.net Blooming planktonic algae may appear as a dye in the pond water and cannot be removed easily. The algal blooms cover the entire waterbody, forming dense masses on the surface.

The high concentration of planktonic algae causes oxygen to deplete, thereby killing the aquatic habitat. Blue-green algae thrive on nitrogen and carbon dioxide. Species of Cyanobacteria –the blue-green algae –are not only toxic to the fish but also humans and wildlife.

Chlorella, Microcystis, Tabellaria, and Chlamydomonas are some of the planktonic algae.

Filamentous Algae

There are various names for Filamentous pond algae, like moss or pond scum. Filamentous algae start growing from the ponds’ edge and slowly rise. The filaments reach the surface of the waterbody and appear as greenish mats.

The patches of filamentous algae are joined in a series of cells and have long, slimy, and cottony texture. The dense patches often appear as bright green scum, but may also exhibit shades of browns or yellows in case of dying algae.

High levels of phosphorus and calcium stimulate the growth of filamentous algae in the pond. Also, high-nutrient load or stagnation promotes filamentous algae production. Poorly managed filamentous growth can be harmful to the survival of aquatic life.

Some of the common filamentous algae include Lyngby, Spirogyra, Anabaena, Spirulina, and Pithophora.

Golden algae

Another pond algae species are the Golden algae found mostly in freshwater lakes and ponds. Golden algae are one-celled organisms that can produce a toxin, just like the blue-green algae. The production of the toxin is detrimental for the aquatic life as it damages the respiratory system in gill-breathing organisms, such as amphibians, fish, and crayfish.

When the gill-breathing organisms encounter toxins, the gills become dysfunctional and find it difficult to absorb oxygen from the water surface. The low oxygen levels cause internal bleeding in the species, which eventually kills them. Golden algae are toxic to fish and can result in their death without an early sign.

Macro-Algae

Many people tend to confuse macro-algae with aquatic plants because they are multi-cellular organisms. Macro-algae is common to marine than freshwaters. These algal blooms grow like pants and have a root-like stem. However, unlike the plants, macro-algae don’t have true roots.

Macro-algae occupies the same ecological niche as aquatic plants. Some of the macro-algae, such as Starry Stonewort, are believed to be detrimental. Other examples of macro-algae include Nitella spp. And Chara spp.

Impact of Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs)

Algal blooms refer to fast-growing cyanobacteria or blue-green algae in the water. It spreads as a colored scum on the surface of the water body. While some algae have little to no impact on the pond’s health, others may prove to be harmful. Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) are detrimental to aquatic life.

HABs can occur naturally or may be induced by humans. Algae blooms in large concentrations pose a threat to the pond’s ecosystem. HABs alter the chemical balance, thereby creating toxic conditions for humans, fish, and wildlife. Blue-green algae are the main stimulant of HABs.

HABs are a potential threat to agriculture and drinking water resources. Studies suggest that exposure to cyanotoxins may cause some serious neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease, ALS, and Alzheimer’s. The blue-green toxin algae can be found in all water bodies, small and large, including ponds, lakes, and stormwater.

Final Thoughts

 Cyanobacteria are not only harmful to pond life but also pose a threat to humans. Today, many states are following the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) cyanobacteria guidelines for prevention. Pond keepers and owners are adopting measures for ensuring safety against HABs. 

Original Content Source: Lakemanagementinc.net

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Where to Find the Best Pond Plants in Orange County? https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/where-to-find-the-best-pond-plants-in-orange-county/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=where-to-find-the-best-pond-plants-in-orange-county Mon, 16 Dec 2019 23:17:35 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=4955 Own a pond, lake or fountain in Orange County, California? Most likely your water feature is either a natural water garden of some sort (with koi fish and all) or a chemically treated water feature which will not have any living organisms. Fortunately, it’s pretty simple to convert your chemically treated pond or fountain if […]

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Own a pond, lake or fountain in Orange County, California? Most likely your water feature is either a natural water garden of some sort (with koi fish and all) or a chemically treated water feature which will not have any living organisms. Fortunately, it’s pretty simple to convert your chemically treated pond or fountain if you do perhaps want to add koi fish, turtles, or pond plants.

Let’s assume you have a natural water garden, koi pond, or backyard fountain – and you’re going to want to add some water lilies or aquatic iris to your water feature. Do you know where to go to find your water plants? A better question yet – who will install your pond plants? Can you use your landscape company to help out with this? These are a few questions many Orange County pond and fountain owners call and ask us, which is why we decided to write an article about the topic to help anyone who is truly curious, and lives in the surrounding area.

Where can I find pond plants in and around Orange County CA?

There are only a few select aquatic plant suppliers in Southern California, let alone in Orange County.

Inland Koi Fish, Plants, & Pond Supply – Fountain Valley, CA

18122 Mt. Washington, Fountain Valley, CA 92708
TEL (714) 438-0087
EMAIL: inlandkoi@inlandkoi.com

Andrews Koi Fish & Plant Supply – Anaheim CA

1650 South Brookhurst St Anaheim, California 92804
TEL (714) 778-8888
FAX (714) 778-5588
EMAIL: andy@andrewskoi.com

Van Ness Water Gardens – Upland CA
2460 North Euclid Avenue Upland, California 91784-1199
TEL (909) 982-2425
FAX (909) 949-7217

Sales, Questions and Support Email: ponds@vnwg.com
Web Site Function Tech Support Email: webmaster@vnwg.com

Hours: Open Saturday and Sunday 8:00am – 7:00pm
Other times by appointment (call 818-274-7141)
Orders can be received after hours at (909) 982-2425

Who will install the plants in my Orange County pond, fountain, or lake?

Ideally you want a company who understands how your pond plants should be handled. For example, you don’t want to add plants to any parts of the water feature which are heavily turbulent or where the water is constantly moving. Water lilies, watercress, and water hyacinth, don’t like to be disturbed often. Therefore you should place these plants in areas where little to no water movement occurs. If you live in Orange County, Riverside, or parts of Los Angeles, we can assist you with your water plant installation. Although certain times of year we are back-logged and cannot accommodate all requests. We always suggest you see the plants first in person, and we’ll do the rest as well.

Can my landscape company install the plants for me?

Sure! As long as they aren’t actively walking around in your water feature potentially causing your pond or fountain to leak – you should be fine. You can install pond plants relatively easily yourself as well if interested. By carefully adding a couple cement cinder blocks (emphasis on carefully!) to your water feature and inter-webbing the plant material through the holes or using a string to attach the plant to the block initially should work fine. You can remove the string once the plants are successfully attached to the block.

The last thing you want to do is drill any holes, or walk around in your pond so please be careful if you do hire elsewhere or attempt to do this yourself.

What kind of plants are most commonly purchased and installed in this area?

It really depends on what type of water feature you have and what your goal is. There are decorative pond plants, and also pond plants meant for bird nesting and soil stability, so it begins with your needs initially.

Cattails and Phragmite removal

Cattails – what we all knew growing up. Mostly used for wetland management, nesting areas for small birds and animals, these are a great “structural plant” and can help stabilize the area. The one thing you’ll want to watch out for is these can grow in up to 4 feet of water, so be prepared to have to maintain your cattails if you do end up using them.

 

 

 

 

water canna pond plant supply orange county
Water Canna – a relatively easy plant to manage, which can be beautiful when flowered, normally during the summer months. These can grow 2-6 feet depending on the conditions and management of the water plant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

treating koi pond water and a

Water Lilies – Probably the most requested and well-known aquatic plant. Water lilies are easy to manage and pretty much take care of themselves when planted and treated correctly. This plant can spawn “pond lily” a fragrant, many-petaled white or pinkish flower.

 

 

 

 

 

If you have questions related to the pond plants and which might be best for your water feature, we suggest calling the plant suppliers first in order to gather what plants are in-stock, and are best suited for your water feature. We can also assist you with this question, but we do not keep tabs on what is in stock, so please contact each company first, and we’ll do the rest.

Feel free to email us at info@lakemanagementinc.net or give us a call at (714) 312-1260
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Got Pond & Lake Weed? Here’s a Quick Pond Plant Guide https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/got-pond-lake-weed-heres-a-quick-pond-plant-guide/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=got-pond-lake-weed-heres-a-quick-pond-plant-guide Wed, 11 Dec 2019 23:43:44 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=4939 Maintaining control over pond weeds can be a challenging task.  The first step to finding a suitable solution is the correct identification of the specific weed.  The majority of ponds have separate types of plants and you do not want to begin the incorrect treatment for these weeds.  Some pond plants are not merely weeds […]

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Maintaining control over pond weeds can be a challenging task.  The first step to finding a suitable solution is the correct identification of the specific weed.  The majority of ponds have separate types of plants and you do not want to begin the incorrect treatment for these weeds.  Some pond plants are not merely weeds but are beneficial to migratory and local wildlife; you will not want to remove these “good weeds”.  

While there are several types of aquatic weeds, the positive news is that pond weeds are easier to identify when compared with turf grass and pasture weeds.  There are four main types of pond weeds including submerged weeks, floating weeds, emergent weeds and algae. This article will discuss each of these plants.

 

#1:  Pond Algae

Certain types of algae are microscopic, such as planktonic algae; however, there are other types of algae that are large and resemble other plants except they lack and plant roots.  Algae is one of the most common problem plants without any defined root systems. This plant typically floats on the pond surface in groups, although it might emerge at the pond bottom before heading to the water surface.

Moss, also known as filamentous algae, can cover the bottom area of the pond along with algae clumps floating to the surface.  It appears as a moss “blanket” floating on the surface of the pond resembling wet wool. Moss is a form of algae often known as “pond scum”, string algae or floating algae.  If left alone, the moss can cover the full surface of the pond. One form of filamentous algae is Oscillatoria, also known as black algae. This can lead to a reddish-purple tinge in the water.

Chara looks similar to submerged weeds but are differentiated by the musky smell.  This type of algae is found on the bottom of the pond in large pillows making it frequently referred to as weeds.  Chara is unique because it does not grow on the surface of the water and results in a crunchy texture.

Cattails and Phragmite removal

#2:  Emergent Pond Plants

An emergent plant is a type of rooted plant often found along the shore.  The plant stands above the water surface, similar to cattails. Emergent plants tend to have stiff or firm stems.

Some of the more common emergent weeds include smartweed, water pennywort, and alligator weed.  The alligator weed is a dense form of plant with a mat appearance making access to the shoreline difficult.  The stems are hollow, but the leaves are fuller with a prominent mid-rib. Flowers of the alligator weed is white, small and placed on long branches similar to white clovers.  

The water pennywort typically forms mats along the shoreline; however, it can also appear as an island or floating mat.  The leaves of the pennywort are dark green with blunt indentations from the center of the stem. Greenish-white flowers with five petals are found on one point of the stalk and their small size represents four-leaf clovers.

Smartweed grows up to three feet in length amidst the shallow waters.  The stems are jointed and are, on average, four inches long with alternative leaf protrusion.  The flowers change color as they mature ranging from green to white or light pink.

water plant removal services

#3:  The Floating Pond Plants

Floating plants are characterized by a lack of attachment to the water bottom.  Floating plants are available in all sizes ranging from smaller weeds, like duckweed, to plants over one foot in diameter.  The majority of roots hang in the water from the plant’s green portions; for instance, a duckweed has a dense blanket covering the surface of still ponds.  The floating plant ranges in color from dark to light green and present with a flattened structure on which roots and leaves grow.

water hydrilla removal services

#4:  Submerged Pond Plants

One of the most detrimental of submerged plants is the Hydrilla – a submerged week.  The hydrilla grows quickly presenting leaves that are long with serrated edges. Flowers can grow from the plant’s upper branches but they are translucent in color.  The coontail is a rootless plant and can reach approximately fifteen feet in height. It is available in dense colonies and the branches are rough to the touch. Eurasian milfoil is one of the exotic submerged plants and reproduces using both seeds and vegetation.

Original Content Source: lakemanagementinc.net

 

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Decorative Pond vs Fish Pond, What’s the Difference? https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/decorative-pond-vs-fish-pond-whats-the-difference/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=decorative-pond-vs-fish-pond-whats-the-difference Fri, 06 Dec 2019 00:11:07 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=4943 3 Common Types of Aquatic Systems There are three major kinds of aquatics systems, which are defined broadly as “closed,” “semi-open,” and “open.” An open system involves  water incoming from a certain source (e.g., city water, well water, or surface water) that flows through the culture facility once, and then is discharged into the ocean, […]

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3 Common Types of Aquatic Systems

There are three major kinds of aquatics systems, which are defined broadly as “closed,” “semi-open,” and “open.” An open system involves  water incoming from a certain source (e.g., city water, well water, or surface water) that flows through the culture facility once, and then is discharged into the ocean, retaining pond or similar. Two examples of open systems are cage and raceway systems. Semi-open systems have a certain capacity for recirculating water. It requires some form of treatment. However, freshwater coming from an external source might be added as necessary for supplementing the treated water. A closed system might be natural, like a static outdoor pond, or might be a highly engineered system; before recirculation, an intensive aquaculture system relies on extensive filtration of the water. Typically, aquariums are considered to be closed systems. However, the carrying capacity and complexity of the design of individual systems can vary significantly.

outdoor pond construction

Outdoor Ponds 

Typically, outdoor ponds are built out of clay-based soils, or they might have a kind of plastic liner for retaining water. There are water table ponds in California as well, which might a certain level of groundwater horizontal flow in and out of a pond. Production ponds can vary in size significantly, but the surface area will be maximized by a good design while minimizing the depth (ideally less than 6 feet) at the same time. The design reduces the risk of stratification that may result in “turnover” catastrophic events (refer to Dissolved Gases). An aeration device ideally should be available for every outdoor pond. A majority of aquaculture production ponds in the southeastern region of the United States range from 0.1 up to 20 surface acres worth of water. By contrast, recreational fishing ponds normally have smaller surface areas but might be very deep, which substantially increases the risk of turnover and stratification. 

koi pond maintenance

Ornamental Ponds & Decorative Ponds

Ornamental ponds can vary from a couple of hundred gallons of water up to many thousands. Usually, the water quality of larger ponds (more than 10,000 gallons) is easier to manage and also more forgiving for owners who might overfeed or overstock the fish. Water is provided to larger ponds from either city water or well source and run as closed systems. It is also critical for these systems to have supplemental aeration and is frequently provided by a stream, waterfall, or other aesthetic means to move water. Clinicians not only should test the dissolved oxygen when an ornamental pond is being evaluated but assess water movement as well. 

 

pond pump replacement

Vitality of Proper Functioning Pond Equipment

In systems that are poorly maintained, flow rates may decrease significantly and filters can become clogged. Poor flow rates can result in the biofiltration performing poorly and ultimately can cause system failure and increases in the total amount of ammonia nitrogen concentrations. Also, poor flow rates often are associated with low dissolved oxygen levels and at near saturation being unable to maintain oxygen concentrations. If a pond relies on a waterfall as its main source of aerations, and there is a decline in flow rates, this also can compromise the aeration capability.   

When an ornamental pond is being evaluated, shade can be a very important consideration. Lack of shade may result in the extreme and rapid heating of water, particularly in shallow ponds. Hot water in its own right is detrimental and it also doesn’t hold oxygen very well, which increases the risk of the depletion of oxygen. Shade trees surrounding a koi pond might contribute to organics and leaf litter inside a pond. 

Another important thing to consider when an ornamental pond is being designed is preventing predation. Fish that are housed in these types of units are typically very colorful and can be quite attractive to birds including owls, and mammalian predators like otters and raccoons. Reptiles (e.g. alligators) in the state of Florida might prey on ornamental fish as well. Erecting some kind of visual barrier for minimizing birds being able to detect colorful fish can be helpful, along with pond design structures or features that limit access of the pond to wading birds. Erecting an electric perimeter fence 12 to 18 inches off of the ground might keep crocodilians or small mammals out of the owner’s yard to protect fish as well as pets. 

Raceway Systems

Other kinds of systems that are more typically found in aquaculture production, include raceways and cages. Typically, a raceway system is comprised of a series of narrow, long and fairly shallow earthen or concrete tanks. Water enters into the unit on one end and then is discharged on the other end. They often use some surface water source, like a flowing river, for growing out the fish. Advantages offered by raceway systems include having the capacity to stock heavier densities compared to ponds with a corresponding volume. Some of the disadvantages include introducing contaminants or pathogens to the farms as well as discharging treatment chemicals, pathogens, and nutrient waste in the effluent.  

Cage Production

Using cage production is more commonly found in open water. A prime example is the salmon industry. Large cages are typically put into protected bays during the operation’s grow-out phase. New technologies alternatively allow cage systems to be sunk completely in deep water, which reduces the risk of damage from wave and wind action. The advantages offered by cage production include the exchange of tidal water, which doesn’t require pretreatment in order to be suitable for fish. Some of the disadvantages of cage production include equipment being potentially damaged, fish escaping during storms, the potential for contamination when there is a harmful algal bloom or a chemical spill, and concerns of the adverse environmental impacts of aquaculture operations. Utilization of cage culture technology globally is becoming increasingly important with the more intensive cultivation of marine fish food.

Original Content Source: lakemanagementinc.net

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Monthly And Yearly Lake Management Service Plans https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/monthly-and-yearly-lake-management-service-plans/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=monthly-and-yearly-lake-management-service-plans Sun, 01 Dec 2019 02:04:21 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=3170 Need Bi-Weekly or Annual Lake Management Services? Ensuring our clients water features are functioning at peak performance requires practical solutions in order to maintain proper water quality and overall appearance. Lake Management reviews each water feature custom to the property its located on and how it was constructed. Water features can impact any property positively and/or negatively […]

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Need Bi-Weekly or Annual Lake Management Services?

Ensuring our clients water features are functioning at peak performance requires practical solutions in order to maintain proper water quality and overall appearance. Lake Management reviews each water feature custom to the property its located on and how it was constructed. Water features can impact any property positively and/or negatively if not managed correctly. Water features help increase beauty and value to some properties while aiding in noise reduction near high-traffic parts of areas. To help our clients avoid any problems associated with the maintenance of an appealing, healthy, natural and balanced ecosystem, we provide the most technologically advanced pond and lake management services and products throughout California. We also restore ponds and lakes to their best condition, in addition to reinstating their ecological balance, in situations where the damage is already done.

Lake owners, HOA’s, Apartment complexes and more can benefit from weekly, monthly, quarterly, and sometimes annual lake management services to enhance the local aquatic environment, and community beauty as a whole.

In today’s modern home owner communities, lakes and ponds are often considered to be the centerpieces of the neighborhood. There is a huge demand for homes with lake views, and they often sell for top price when associated with water-front locations.

homeowners association with beautiful clear lake

 

Lake Management Strategies

Aquatic maintenance plans for your fountain and/or aerator should also be included in the best pond and lake management package. The lake is able to “breathe” with proper aeration.

Management plans for lakes and ponds covering an extended period of time involve a variety of aspects. To maintain the best level of water quality and beauty, biological augmentation, submerged aeration and water dyes are necessary.

In some situations, mosquito control is also necessary. To improve the appeal of your lake environment, mosquito control, aeration and the addition of minnows is also important.

In addition to restoring your pond or lake’s water quality, our seasoned group of fisheries biologists also stock fish and create a predator to prey balance.

When it comes to handling your fisheries, lakes and pond management requirements, we have the necessary technology and equipment.

The ecological balance and aesthetic appeal of your pond or lake is heavily impacted by the growth of unwanted vegetation and algae. The quality and health of any aquatic ecosystem relies on lake weed and algae control.

Highly advanced operations and products are required for proper Lake Management. We only offer top quality eco-friendly aquatic vegetation and algae management services to our clients. To prevent the destruction of the balance in your lake, pond, aquatic eco system or wetland, we use our algae and lake-weed treatment solutions to remove poisonous unfamiliar weeds and algae.

Depending on the species in question, invasive aquatic weeds and algae are not only an eyesore but can also be dangerous to human beings and aquatic life. In addition to hiding the lake’s true beauty, they may be detrimental to aquatic systems and can lead to various problems with regard to water quality. To achieve the targeted goals, it’s important to identify the specific aquatic weeds and algae present in your lake or pond.

Lasting results can be achieved by picking the right product, using it at the appropriate amounts during the right point in time. To decrease/eliminate the likelihood of your aquatic environment looking like the “before” images below, it’s important to have an yearly management plan in place. You can enjoy, as demonstrated by the “after” images below, great results throughout the year, as the seasons change.

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Use Fish Waste As Fertilizer For Your Organic Garden Or Even Hemp Plants https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/use-fish-waste-as-fertilizer-for-your-organic-garden-or-plants/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=use-fish-waste-as-fertilizer-for-your-organic-garden-or-plants Wed, 20 Nov 2019 03:26:23 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=4790 Believe it or not, you can actually use fish waste for plants or your organic garden.  According to aquatic specialist Dave Glenn from Lake Management Inc., an aquaponics system can grow both aquatic plants and koi fish that are harvested in a sustainable way.  Here is how the process works: Typically koi fish are raised […]

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Believe it or not, you can actually use fish waste for plants or your organic garden. 

According to aquatic specialist Dave Glenn from Lake Management Inc., an aquaponics system can grow both aquatic plants and koi fish that are harvested in a sustainable way. 

Here is how the process works: Typically koi fish are raised in backyard ponds, troughs, or indoor tanks. The fish produce excrement. The waste and water from the tank flow into a hydroponics tray where plants are grown in water without any soil. This waste is a rich fertilizer for plants despite being toxic to fish. As nutrients are absorbed by the plants, the water is purified by the water for the fish. This clean water then can be recycled into the fish tank 

Since no chemical fertilizers or pesticides are used that could harm the fish, this is a completely organic and natural production system. One can utilize this system to grow beautiful aquatic plants, and to fertilize your organic fruits and vegetables. 

According to Glenn, just about any type of plant can be grown using this type of system. the easiest to grow are leafy greens like arugula, Swiss chard, kale, and lettuce. Herbs can also be grown like chives, mint, and basis. Other crops include potatoes, red onions, squash, beans, peppers, cauliflower, cabbage, tomatoes, eggplant, snow peas, shallots, and cucumbers, even legal hemp or cannabis.

 

 

A Brief History Lesson on Aquaponics

Aquaponics, which started in ancient Mexico and China, is becoming increasingly popular all over the world as a local food production method, Glenn reports. He fields questions regularly from people who are interested in starting a small-scale aquaponics operation in their backyard koi ponds, and sometimes commercial-scale aquaponics farms as well for legal hemp and cannabis farms. Hobbyists can get started with aquaponics kits that are available in hydroponics supply stores as well as online.    

Variations of Aquaponic Systems

There are different types of aquaponics systems. Those that are more of a decorative koi pond or similar with an aquaponics attachment meant for a home garden. Or that of a commercial aquaponics system which is built specifically for performance vs looks. All aquaponic systems are comprised of a soil-free bed for growing the plants, and an outdoor pond, trough, or fish tank. The fish tank may be made out of plastic, concrete, glass, or fiberglass. Containers can range greatly in size from 20-40 gallon plastic totes up to big plastic aquariums that are 6-10 feet wide and 4-5 feet deep. Kits work best in temperature-controlled environments inside a house or a greenhouse says Glenn, but you can still attach a basic aquaponic setup to your outdoor backyard pond or natural fountain filtration. Ideally the plant bed should be filed with pebbles made out of gravel or clay, or the plants can be grown on bamboo rafts or foam that float on top of the water.   

Be Sure to Have the Full Aquaponics Setup

In addition to the bed and tank, each system also depends on these customizable components: an aeration system, a water sump, a pump, a biofiltration system for growing beneficial bacteria for breaking down fish waste, and an area for removing solids. The water sump is a type of reservoir where water gets collected and then gets returned to the systems via the pump. 

Depending on the species of fish that you select, you might need to add some kind of heater so the water temperature is kept right for the plants and fish if located in a cold state. Those located in Orange County Southern CA can most likely go without a pond heater. If you do live in a cold region, Inexpensive heat supplies are often used by aquaponics farmers like hot compost or solar greenhouses. 

Glenn says the system needs to be monitored to ensure everything is running smoothly and stays in balance. You must pay close attention to if your fish are eating or not, whether or not the water is circulating correctly and how your plants are growing. 

In addition to plants and fish, one other crop is naturally produced by an aquaponics system – “good” bacteria where the toxic components contained in fish waste are converted into nutrients that are consumed by the plants. These bacteria do not need to be added, but Glenn suggested that you get a testing kit so you can monitor the water’s nutrient and oxygen levels.  

 

tilapia fish swimming in pond for plant fertilizer

 

What Type of Fish to Use for your Aquaponic System

The fish that is the most commonly raised in aquaponics systems is tilapia but you can still use koi fish waste if you have a koi pond or water garden. Glenn also recommends crayfish, Murray cod, barramundi, goldfish, sunfish, koi, common carp, trout, and catfish. He advises choosing freshwater species. Each species can be fed a standard diet made just for them that can be found at pet stores or feed suppliers.  In order to raise tilapia and other types of fish, including for personal use, you will need to buy a transport permit from the local warden of the Fish and Wildlife Department. It is easy to obtain these permits online or from a licensed fingerling seller.

If you are interested in building an aquaponics pond or attaching one to your existing water features you can reach us at info@lakemanagementinc.net or (714) 312-1260

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