Lake Management Inc https://www.lakemanagementinc.net Commercial Aquatic Maintenance & Repair Services Sun, 16 Aug 2020 09:05:15 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.3.4 https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/cropped-66-32x32.png Lake Management Inc https://www.lakemanagementinc.net 32 32 Pesticide-Free Lake Management Methods https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/pesticide-free-lake-management-methods/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pesticide-free-lake-management-methods Sun, 16 Aug 2020 09:05:15 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=5338 Pesticide-Free Lake Management Solutions You must have a well-prepared lake management plan for proper pond and lake restoration. If that is not your starting point, all you are doing is guessing when it comes to which solution can best solve your problem. Sustainable, successful pond and lake management requires identifying and fixing the eutrophication cause […]

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Pesticide-Free Lake Management Solutions

You must have a well-prepared lake management plan for proper pond and lake restoration. If that is not your starting point, all you are doing is guessing when it comes to which solution can best solve your problem. Sustainable, successful pond and lake management requires identifying and fixing the eutrophication cause instead of just reacting to symptoms (weed and algae growth) of eutrophication. That is why Princeton Hydro collects data and analyzes it in order to identify the causes of problems and use the scientific findings in order to create a customized management plan for your pond or lake. A successful management plan includes a combination of source, mechanical, and biological control solutions.     

Biological Control

One good example of a highly effective biological control solution are Floating Wetland Islands (FWIs). They can potentially offer numerous ecological benefits. FWIs are highly adaptable and may be configured, sized, and planted in order to suit the needs of almost any reservoir, pond, or lake.   

natural filtration for lakes and ponds

Floating Wetland Islands are often described as being self-sustaining: 

Help to assimilate as well as remove excess nutrients that can fuel the growth of algae 

Provide habitats for fish as well as other types of aquatic organisms 

Help to mitigate the impacts of wind and wave erosion 

Provide aesthetic elements 

Can be a part of an overall holistic pond or lake management strategy 

Mechanical Control: 

Mechanical removal is another way that invasive weed and algae growth can be combated. TruxorDM5000 is one mechanical control employed by Princeton Hydro. It is a multi-purpose, eco-friendly amphibious machine that offers a non-pesticide, effective approach to controlling problematic algae and invasive weed growth.

It can operate in shallow lakes and ponds where the operation and/or access of convention hydro raking or harvesting equipment is limited 

It is very powerful yet highly maneuverable and portable 

Can harvest and cut weeds as well as collect mat algae within near-shore areas that have less than three-foot depths of water 

Includes various attachment allowing the machine to collect and remove various debris easily 

Can be outfitted for sediment dredging/removal 

Source Control: 

Since typically phosphorus is the nutrient fueling weed and algae growth when there is excessive phosphorus loading can result in problematic algal blooms and may stimulate excessive growth of weeds. One of the more sustainable methods for controlling the proliferation of algae and nuisance weeds is controlling phosphorus inputs or reducing phosphorus availability for biological assimilation and uptake. These measures decreasing the availability or the amount of phosphorus in a pond or lake are defined as being source control strategies.

Through the collection of data and analysis, we can accurately identify the primary phosphorus loading sources to a pond and lake, whether they are external or internal sources. Our team of water resource engineers, aquatic ecologists, and lake managers use the data in order to devise a management plan to quantify, prioritize, and properly address problem phosphorus sources.  

Minlox often are used as controlled and environmentally-safe means in order to limit the availability of phosphorus. Although Minlox works in its own way such as using Ozone technology, it doesn’t have some of the secondary inherent environmental limitations that alum does. The recently developed product Minlox has a high affinity for binding to and permanently removing from the water column particulate and soluble reactive forms of phosphorus. That makes it a highly effective lake and pond management tool.

Those are just a couple of examples of non-pesticide pond and lake management strategies that are used regularly by Princeton Hydro. Managing your ponds and lakes correctly begins with developing the proper plan and use a holistic method in order to ensure continued success. Please contact us for more ideas or assistance in developing a comprehensive, customized management plan.

 

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Got a Koi Pond or Considering Adding One to Your Property? Here’s a Few Common Koi Pond FAQ https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/koi-pond-frequently-asked-questions/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=koi-pond-frequently-asked-questions Mon, 15 Jun 2020 18:49:13 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=5271 Common Koi Pond Frequently Asked Questions 1. What distinguishes Koi from goldfish? Goldfish (Carassius auratus) and Koi (Cyprinus carpio) are members of the same family, Cyprinidae. Koi generally have very homogeneous body types, but individual fish display a wide color range. They can grow surprisingly large; mature koi can reach lengths of two to three […]

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Common Koi Pond Frequently Asked Questions

1. What distinguishes Koi from goldfish?

Goldfish (Carassius auratus) and Koi (Cyprinus carpio) are members of the same family, Cyprinidae. Koi generally have very homogeneous body types, but individual fish display a wide color range. They can grow surprisingly large; mature koi can reach lengths of two to three feet. Goldfish, on the other hand, have less varied colors. The majority of them are orange, with a few fish showing black, calico, or white coloration. Goldfish have diverse body shapes, but they remain small even when fully grown.

2. Is it possible to keep goldfish and Koi in the same pond?

Koi and goldfish are both very docile species, and they can definitely live together. In fact, Koi are suitable for living in close quarters with any docile species of fish. Often times our customers also have feeder fish to help reduce the mosquito population as they feed specifically on bugs. This also works as a great alternative if you dont want koi or goldfish, but you do want a water feature without mosquitoes. 

3. How large can Koi get?

As noted above, the largest Koi can reach three feet in length. These are known as Jumbo Koi. Japanese Koi reach a length of 22 to 26 inches. Domestic Koi typically mature at a length of 12 to 15 inches.

4. Is a Koi’s size constrained by the size of its pond?

Koi can grow very large even in cramped quarters. Pond size — along with factors such as water temperature, diet, and health — will impact the rate at which Koi grow. Koi will grow until they reach their hereditary size.

5. How much water does a Koi need in its pond?

Based on the size of the individual Koi, we recommend the following allowances of water:

  • Small Koi – 2 to 8 inches – 100-150 gallons
  • Medium Koi – 8 to 14 inches – 250-300 gallons
  • Large Koi – 14 to 24 inches – 400-500 gallons
  • Jumbo Koi – 24 to 36 inches – 750-900 gallons

6. How deep does my Koi pond need to be?

Here in Minnesota, you need to make your pond at least four feet deep. In this region, depth is vital in the winter. If your pond’s deicer fails, a little extra depth will preserve liquid water beneath any ice that forms on the surface. Four feet is also a good depth for Koi ponds in hot climates. The depths will serve as a reservoir of cooler water, moderating the overall temperature of the pond and preventing overheating. In moderate climates, we suggest building your Koi pond to be roughly three feet deep.

7. What temperature range is suitable for Koi?

Koi can survive anywhere between 34 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Be aware that the fish will hardly be thriving at the extremes of this temperature range, though. Most of our customers are located in Southern California, including Orange County, Los Angeles, Riverside, and San Diego in which these ponds don’t need heaters, but should have at least 36″ of water with a place for the fish and turtles to get away from the sun on hot days if needed. 

 

8. What do Koi eat?

In warm summertime waters (over 60 degrees Fahrenheit), your Koi fish need high protein food. In the spring and fall, when the water is between 52 and 60 degrees, Koi need a Koi food that contains easy-to-digest wheat germ. You do not need to feed your Koi when the water temperature is below 52 degrees.

9. How often should I feed my Koi? How much food do they need?

Feed your Koi for a few minutes at a time. Give them as much as they are interested in eating. Repeat this process once or twice a day.

10. I’m going to be out of town for a few weeks. Do I need to get a friend to feed my Koi? How long can they last between feedings?

Koi will be fine with a two-week break in between feedings during the summer months. They can scavenge some nutrition from their environment by nibbling on algae and eating insects. It’s a good idea to ask someone to check your pond regularly to ensure the Koi are healthy and everything’s operating normally.

 

11. How often does a Koi pond need to be cleaned?

Koi pond maintenance can be very simple. As long as your filter system keeps the water clean and there isn’t any surface detritus (such as leaves), your pond doesn’t need cleaning. If you don’t have good filtration and you can see waste accumulating in the depths of the pond, clean it out every two weeks. We also suggest adding the appropriate pond equipment to your water feature to help handle the amount of koi and turtles you might have. 

12. My Koi pond seems to be a magnet for leaves. What can I do about this?

Putting a net over your pond will keep leaves out. Check the net regularly and keep it clear of leaves so that they don’t wind up dropping into the pond. Consider remodeling your pond and building up raised edges around it. These will act as windbreaks and cut down on the number of leaves that blow in. Take the time to eliminate pond weeds if you find them shedding into your water.

13. What should I do about string algae?

String algae can be controlled by installing a protein skimmer in your pond. Algae feed on the waste your fish leave behind, so eliminating all waste will cut down on string algae. Protein skimmers eliminate microscopic waste particles that get left behind by a mechanical filter. If your pond is large and you need recurring algae and weed management services, contact us for a free quote. 

14. Can I extend the life of my pond liner by covering the bottom with small rocks?

A proper pond liner (45 mil EPDM rubber) should last 20 years or more. While a layer of rock will prevent deterioration due to UV light, it will also require a lot of extra pond maintenance to keep the rocks clean. (This cleaning has to be done by hand to avoid tearing your liner.)

15. Spring is here! What’s the right time to start up the pump on my pond?

Wait for the temperature to stay above freezing for a week or two before starting your pond up. Ideally, you want air temperatures that stay between 50 and 60 degrees Fahrenheit when you activate the pump. 

16. My pond gets visited by ducks in the spring. Is this OK for Koi living in the same pond?

Wild ducks pose some minor risks. They may spread aquatic parasites and even eat smaller Koi. They also leave behind waste, fouling your pond. It’s best to keep wild ducks out of your Koi pond. Domestic ducks are generally safer, provided your pond’s filtration system is capable of handling their waste.

17. My Koi are attracting unwanted attention from a heron. Help!

Keeping wild birds out is an important part of Koi pond management in many parts of the country. Putting a net over your pond will do the trick. Sooner or later, the heron will abandon your pond and look for alternate food sources. If you live along a heron migration path, you should consider changing the landscaping around your pond to make it unattractive to them. We are able to add safe and virtually invisible anti-heron control to your property based on how the landscape is setup.  Feel free to contact us for a free consultation if you’re losing fish and turtles due to wildlife.

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Concrete Pond & Fountain Repairs https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/concrete-pond-fountain-repairs/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=concrete-pond-fountain-repairs Fri, 05 Jun 2020 18:37:10 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=5260 Repairing Your Concrete Pond & Water Fountain It is not always easy to keep your concrete water features in good working order. Sometimes, there are repairs that need to be done that are difficult. Still, if you are able to research the issue ahead of time and create a plan for the repairs, you will […]

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Repairing Your Concrete Pond & Water Fountain

It is not always easy to keep your concrete water features in good working order. Sometimes, there are repairs that need to be done that are difficult. Still, if you are able to research the issue ahead of time and create a plan for the repairs, you will be much better off. The information that follows explains what this type of job might require.

One of the most common questions we receive when a customer has a leaking cement pond or backyard fountain with fish and turtles in it is – where do we store our koi fish and wildlife during the renovation? Regardless if you are doing it yourself or hiring someone like us, we always suggest you have a place your koi fish and turtles can be store safely and for an unexpected duration. We’ve started offering a “storage tank” rental service for this reason, so feel free to ask us about this if you are in fact worried about where to put your fish and turtles during your rebuild or repair.

As long as the pond is drained, and you have a safe place to hold your fish, make sure you have these items.

1. Something To Put Your Trash In

Both trash bags and a trash can are essential to the job, as you will need something to throw your debris in.

 

2. Tools For Cleaning the Pond or Fountain

There are several tools for cleaning that would be beneficial to this process, including a pressure washer, rags and scrub brushes. When fixing something that is broken, you first need to make sure it is clean. You should also gather a hose and a bucket to assist you in the process as well. Shop vacuums also work very well to clean the are of debris.

3. Cutting Wheel And Angle Grinder

If the concrete is split, the cutting wheel and angle grinder will help you cut down into the opening. With these two tools, you should be able to go about half an inch down, although the type of concrete you are dealing with could have an impact. You do this in order to put the epoxy down into the crack as far as possible, so that it adheres the concrete back together. If you need to put in a piece of concrete that is not there any more, the angle grinder can help you prep the area.

4. Scraper

After you have used the pressure washer, there may still be something in the area that you don’t want to be there. A scraper can help you with this problem. In addition, you can get failing coating away from the area, too.

5. Pond Shield and ThoroSeal

If there is a crack in the concrete that you need to repair, a pond shield or ThoroSeal can assist you. It works like glue or a putty to ensure that the crack stays together. In addition to the pond shield, you need a fiberglass mat (1.5 ounce chopped strand). The fiberglass mat helps reinforce the work that you are doing so that the concrete pond remains strong over time.

6. Muraitic Acid

Before you put on the pond shield, make use of muraitic acid. It helps get the concrete ready for the work that you are going to perform, cleaning it regardless of its age. It contains three parts water and one part acid and it is put over the concrete in order to get rid of the calcium sulphate.

7. Brushes, Rollers and a Putty Knife

Rollers and brushes will assist you as you put on the new coating. In addition to that, a putty-knife will help if you need to add a large amount of solution first.

8.Concrete And Bonding Agent

Is there a piece of concrete missing from the area? If so, you need extra concrete and a bonding agent. It is difficult to add concrete to concrete, which is where the binding agent comes in to play.

9. Follow These Steps For Your Concrete Repair

  • Simply clear away any debris with your cutting wheel, scraper, or grinder.
  • Once your area is clear of debris, rinse it off to get rid of any dust.
  • Fill the area or crack with whichever solution you have selected (Thoroseal or similar)
  • Let it dry for 24 – 48 hours.
  • Add more if needed, and repeat 2-3x (if needed)
  • Use Muriatic acid to clear away excess putty or Thoroseal.
  • Fill with water and let sit for 24 – 72 hours and mark a line to watch for water loss.
  • Add dechlore before adding the fish again (dont rush into adding fish again, make sure to treat the water first)

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Is Your Pond Leaking? Here’s a Few Tips to Consider https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/leaking-koi-pond/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=leaking-koi-pond Thu, 16 Apr 2020 04:34:22 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=5235 How To Repair A Pond That Is Leaking  Many property owners decide to have a concrete pond installed due to its durability, although we often run into many rubber ponds actively leaking and needing repair. Although concrete ponds are very robust and can stand the test of time when they are managed properly, they are […]

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How To Repair A Pond That Is Leaking 

Many property owners decide to have a concrete pond installed due to its durability, although we often run into many rubber ponds actively leaking and needing repair. Although concrete ponds are very robust and can stand the test of time when they are managed properly, they are still vulnerable and might need to be resealed every 10-20 years. Rubber ponds are cheaper to build and thus may require a patch much sooner than that of a cement pond. Long story short, Any container holding water can leak, even when made out a very strong material like concrete. The following are some best practices on how to repair a concrete or rubber pond.

How Pond Leaks Begin 

Concrete ponds are constructed by adding water, gravel, and sand to cement. Leaks can develop whenever the bond gets too weak in a certain area. Those problems often occur due to the contractor using poor construction to build the pond. If the cement mixture is not done properly it might not be hydrated enough which can cause an uneven cure. Concrete contains microscopic areas that allow water to move easier due to absorption.

Consider a Draw-Down Test

Whenever you suspect that your pond has a leak, fill it up to its regular level and mark the spot using duct tape or a similar object. As the filter and pump is running, it should run for 12 – 24 hours. Then measure how much water you have lost. Then refill your pond to its regular level once again but deactivate your filer and pump. Then wait for another 12 to 24 hours and review the amount of water loss. If you lost more water while your filter was running ha means you can find th leak on the pressure side of the plumbing, past the impeller on the pump. If you lost less water when the filter as deactivated that means the leak is on the vacuum side of the pump before its impeller.

What to Do with your Koi Fish During a Leak?

This is a question we get with every pond leak we run into. The water is draining quick – and what do we do about the fish? Leaks can be a complicated thing because the water might need to be drained out in order to patch the leak, reseal the concrete, or replace the liner entirely. For this we offer a service such as holding your fish and turtles in a collapsible tank we bring to your property and setup. All we need is a 10×10 space, and we are able to setup a pond which can hold your fish and turtles safely during the fix or liner replacement. If this is something you think you need, feel free to reach out to us for more information (714) 312-1260


Repairing the Pond Leak 

Identifying the source is the first step that needs to be taken in order to repair the leak. After identifying the source, you can use a sealer to close the pores up. Food coloring is the best tool to use for this. First, take the fish out of your pond and put them inside a temporary container. Next, deactivate the pump for around 60 minutes prior to applying the food coloring. If there are any cracks in the concrete it will be fairly easy to detect. Apply your food coloring close to a crack. It should pull the coloring in. 

In situations where there are no visible cracks, food coloring will need to be applied to every object penetrating the shell of the pond, including the returns, lights, and drains. Review the mouth on the skimmer in the area where the plastic is in contract with the concrete. That spot is prone to moving and leakage can be caused by its separation.

After you are able to locate the leak it is a fairly straightforward process to fix the leak. Either a patching material or seal can be used to make the repair. A majority of brands are waterproof. After you have applied the sealant or patching, the food coloring can be used to confirm that you have fixed the leak. If you add sealant or patching close to the fitting, make sure the pump stays off while the curing takes place. Otherwise, the patch could be removed by moving water.How To Repair A Pond That Is Leaking 

Many property owners decide to have a concrete pond installed due to its durability. Although these ponds are very robust and can stand the test of time when they are managed properly, they are still vulnerable. Any container holding water can leak, even when made out a very strong material like concrete. The following are some best practices on how to repair a concrete pond.

If your pond, lake, or fountain is leaking – feel free to reach out to us and we’ll guide you on the next best step (714) 312-1260

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How Long Does A Pond Liner Last? https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/pond-liner-lifespan/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pond-liner-lifespan Sat, 11 Apr 2020 04:13:29 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=5228 Lifespan of PVC & Rubber Pond Liners If installed properly, a pond liner can last for many years. Although some rubber pond liner manufacturers offer 25-year guarantees, these pond liners must be installed correctly in order to meet the guarantee, meaning as long as the pond liner gets installed underneath the protective underlayment of cement […]

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Lifespan of PVC & Rubber Pond Liners

If installed properly, a pond liner can last for many years. Although some rubber pond liner manufacturers offer 25-year guarantees, these pond liners must be installed correctly in order to meet the guarantee, meaning as long as the pond liner gets installed underneath the protective underlayment of cement or similar, they will guarantee the liner. Liners exposed directly to the sunlight can only expect to last 5-10 years at most, and that includes wihout people walking on them (for cleanings and repairs) as rocks can damage the pond liner resulting in your pond losing water.  On Epalyn and Butyl pond liners that have diameters up to 100m2, apparently “Liners Online” offers a lifetime guarantee although we suggest making sure you install your pond liner correctly or else your warranty may be voided. For more than 40 years, 0.75mm thick synthetic rubber Butyl pond liners have been successfully lining ponds, and are still considered to among the best pond liners that are available in the market. 

Pond liners are basically a waterproof fabric that is designed to prevent water from seeping through to the ground. Not all pond liners are created equal, so it is recommended that you check the terms and conditions along with the guarantee before you place your order. The guarantee time period is only a gauge on the amount of time that a pond liner can be expected to last. More often than not, the shipping on pond liners can be very expensive due to the weight of the liner, so we suggest contacting us if you need to order a liner as there are some local alternatives in and around Orange County California. 

Types of Pond Liners

Pond liners vary in terms of durability, flexibility, and strength depending on the materials they are made out of:

PVC pond liners

Standard pond liners normally have a thickness of about 0.5mm. These are flexible liners although they are not tear-resistant. Therefore if the material gets punctured, over time it might get worse. We often say, anything over 10 years old wont hold a patch so you might have to replace your liner entirely if that’s the case. PVC pond liners can crack and go brittle if they are exposed to the sun for a long period of time. That is why it is essential to have the right maintenance and installation. It is not easy to repair PVC since a majority of pond liner repair products can cause a liner to turn brittle in the area where it is applied which can lead to additional leakages and cracks. It is essential to protect it by using an underlayment liner to help prevent leaks. A PVC pond liner can last for about 20 years if properly cared for, especially if covered by cement.    

Rubber pond liners 

This type of liner can be dived further into Butyl and Epalyn (EPDM). Pond enthusiasts have long considered Butyl to be one of the finest materials. On the other hand, EPDM is less expensive and has similar, or even slightly better characteristics compared to Butyl. Both of these pond liners can last up to 30 years. If either should puncture, they can be easily repaired without the need for ane expensive replacement, yes we say the 10 year still applies to these liners as well. 

Preformed pond liners

AKA rotomolded pond liners. These liners are a predetermined shape and size and cannot be changed. They are made out of rigid plastic or fiberglass, with both types having their own pros and cons. Fiberglass is expensive. However, it can be installed either below or above ground level. It is important to install rigid plastic liners in the ground in order to prevent them from cracking and flexing. A preformed pond can last up to 10 years. Movement in the ground can cause cracking as they age so they tend to have shorter life spans compared to rubber flexible pond liners.

Can you install a pond liner directly onto the ground?

Yes, but we don’t recommend that you do this as it’ll affect the liner’s guarantee including lifespan. There is a much higher chance that the ground’s rough surface will puncture your pond liner, if not plants or trees surrounding your water feature. A Geotextile, needle-punched, mechanically bonded, non-woven underlay is supplied by Liners Online. It provides high performance and a very effective protective barrier is offered between the pond liner and substrate. We recommend that you use an underlay under all of our pond liners. This helps to protect the pond liner against penetration by sharp roots and stones, and also helps to reduce the amount of excessive localized stretching of your liner as ground settlement takes place over time. 

To summarize, a rubber pond or flexible PVC liner can last for 20 years or longer as long as they are installed over a protective underlay and secured in place using the right edging materials and are protected against visits by clawed animals.

If your pond has a leak or you’d like to order a pond liner feel free to reach out to us today to discuss your options (714) 312-1260

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What Are Emergent Weeds? https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/what-are-emergent-weeds/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=what-are-emergent-weeds Tue, 24 Mar 2020 17:21:32 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=5151 What Are Emergent Weeds And The Different Types Of Common Water Weeds? Is your pond or lake being crowded out by surface weeds? Here we discuss what emergent weeds are, their negative effects on fish and other aquatic life, how they invade shallow water along shorelines, and how to stop them from turning once-clear waterways […]

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What Are Emergent Weeds And The Different Types Of Common Water Weeds?

Is your pond or lake being crowded out by surface weeds? Here we discuss what emergent weeds are, their negative effects on fish and other aquatic life, how they invade shallow water along shorelines, and how to stop them from turning once-clear waterways into dominant emergent weed areas

Emergent plants are rigid weeds that don’t rely on water for survival, and aggressive growth can cause them to migrate into once clear waters, blocking lake or pond access, fouling up beaches, and prohibiting recreational activities. A common example of an emergent plant is the Cattail. Most emergent weed varieties can be controlled by applying topical treatments that allow for very precise control.

Cattail removal

Cattails

Cattails are long, slender, grass-like plants with flat leaves about 1 inch wide. They produce long stalks with seed spikes at the ends. New infestations can rapidly spread to a depth of up to four feet and once established they can grow up to 10 feet tall, obstructing lake and pond views. New infestations of Cattails have been known to completely eliminate vital shallow water areas that are vital habitats for fish and other aquatic species that us it for breeding and protection. They trap organic debris like leaves and grass clippings, building a foundation that creates shallower conditions. As this foundation expands, encroachment by cattails further accelerates the transition from open water areas to dominant emergent weed lakes, ponds or shorelines.

Bulrush removal

Bulrush (Scirpus spp)

The Bulrush (Scirpus spp) is a common emergent plant found in marshes and shallow shorelines throughout the United States.

Bulrush plants have long, thin, round or triangular stems that may or may not have any leaves at all. They produce long stems with clusters of seeds and brownish flowers at the ends. There are many different species of bulrush that invade shallow water areas along shallow shorelines. In the wild, bulrushes provide excellent habitats for fish and can help stabilize shoreline sediments. Excessive growth, however, can block lake access and inhibit water recreation.

Purple Loosestrife

The Southern Naiad is a common variety of the Naiad family. Sometimes confused with Chara, this bushy, brittle and slender emergent plant is a perennial weed easily identifiable by its reddish, purple flower spikes that bloom from July through September. The leaves have tiny spines that taper to a fine point. Purple Loosestrife is an extremely noxious and invasive weed that, by law, is not allowed to be planted or transplanted in order to control its spread.

Are you suffering from Algae Issues? Feel free to checkout our Algae Guide to determine which algae is affecting your water feature

Smartweed pond plant removal

Smartweed

Smartweed forms green to yellow or brownish surface mats that are bubble filled and commonly grows in shallow waters along shorelines. As the plants mature beneath the surface of the water, stringy strands that resemble cotton candy may appear that attach themselves to other weeds, dock legs, or rocks. The plants have oblong, alternatively arranged leaves of about four inches in length and rose, dense pink or white flowers that appear above the water in midsummer. Smartweed may be emergent in shallow water or grow completely underwater with only the flowers held erect and visible above the waterline.

Creeping Water Primrose

Except for small white flowers that bloom during the summer, the water primrose grows entirely under the water. Dark green, oval-shaped leaves are arranged in clusters of 3 or 4 around branched stems. Creeping water primrose generally grows in shallow water and can creep up to 5 – 6 feet long. It has hollow stems with many red leaves that are covered in on both sides by minute, soft hair. If the plants become invasive it is recommended to apply Rodeo to the emergent portion to control growth with excellent results.

If you pond or lake is suffering from emergent weed overgrowth, feel free to reach out to us today for a free consultation. We’re able to manage your water features pertaining to exactly how they need to be managed. Each pond or lake is its own ecosystem requiring custom aquatic maintenance plans we offer bi-weekly, monthly, as well as annual aquatic management for all of Southern California. Call today for a free quote (714) 312-1260

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Should You Use Copper Sulfate or Chelated Copper For Your Pond Care? https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/copper-sulfate-vs-chelated-copper-for-pond-care/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=copper-sulfate-vs-chelated-copper-for-pond-care Mon, 16 Mar 2020 03:53:07 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=5146 Should You Use Chelated Copper Or Copper Sulfate To Care For Your Pond or Lake? Copper is a very diverse element. It may be used in various ways, depending on the specific chemical formulation. Copper in its various forms can be found in wiring, plumbing, artwork, and a number of other areas. There were over […]

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Should You Use Chelated Copper Or Copper Sulfate To Care For Your Pond or Lake?

Copper is a very diverse element. It may be used in various ways, depending on the specific chemical formulation. Copper in its various forms can be found in wiring, plumbing, artwork, and a number of other areas. There were over 19 million tons of copper mined all over the world in 2016, with 1.4 million of these tons mined in the U.S. Copper can be found everywhere, and according to estimates, its production will continue to increase as countries all over the world continue developing their economies and infrastructure.

Although copper can be found everywhere, water can be too. All too often copper usage and mining results in residual copper being left in the water. However, don’t worry – copper is not all the same. All copper is not bad.

One of the main environmentally beneficial ways that copper is used these days is controlling algae. Algae may be found in nearly every pond, and serves critical roles in water, like serving as a good source and helping with oxygen production. Unfortunately, anybody who has been around ponds for some time knows algae can easily become out of control. Ponds that are affected can go from looking beautiful to pea soup in just one day. In these cases, it is necessary to take immediate action. Although algae can usually be a positive factor, they can be a genuine threat to all other types of life that are in the water once they bloom. Blooms of algae use lots of oxygen and some species also produce toxins that are fatal to other organisms. So what is the most effective method for pond owners if this is a problem for them?

HABS (harmful algae bloom) removal

Copper-based Algaecides

What copper crystals (granular) are is crystallized copper. It is the oldest and cheapest method to apply copper that acts as an algaecide. Simply toss it in the water where there are algae. The crystals dissolve and they kill the algae that come into contact with. Although that sounds easy, it is also the most damaging method. Copper crystals kill only what they come into contact with. Therefore, a big pond will need to have a lot of copper in order for an effective result to be achieved.

Liquid cooper is another approach that covers a broad range of products where different mixtures of copper are used to varying effects. Compared to copper crystals, liquid copper is a lot more efficient since it actually remains suspended in water longer. Copper crystals have a tendency to sink directly to the boom. There is still the same problem, however. More copper product must be used in order to kill more algae.

Interested in an alternative to Copper-based Algaecides? Checkout our other Lake Treatment Solutions

Chelated copper is another category to consider, which is a slightly more complex form of light copper. Although chelated copper algaecides also are liquid. However, they are defined by the word chelated. The name is used to describe a chemical process that involves a protective covering that attaches to the atoms of copper. Chelation is similar to the shell that surrounds M&M candy. This surrounding the chocolate provides protection from the outside. It only begins to break apart when it responds to heat (or being chewed in this case). When using chelators, the goal is the product’s main ingredient not being used up too fast. Whenever chelated copper gets applied to blooms of algae, more copper is gradually released, while the protective covering continues to dissolve in water slowly. That results in a longer time for the algae to be actively killed while less copper needs to be used since it works for a longer period of time. Therefore, it is the most ecologically friendly option as well.

Although these are three main copper-based algaecide categories, there actually are not many varieties that are for sale in the marketplace. Although there is not a wide range of choices, it still can be hard to determine which is the best choice. Chelating agents have a tendency to be proprietary, and it can be nearly impossible to determine which products are organic or natural. It also can be hard to find copper products that do not harm the ecosystem. However, if you are able to locate the right product, it can definitely be an effective solution.

It is not boxed into the environment and may be found at various levels in the sediment that human copper products have never touched. So we need to be aware that when copper is used in excessive amounts, it can turn into a problem. Therefore, it makes sense what when copper algaecides are being considered that you want to ensure that a solution is used that contains the smallest possible amounts of copper that can still produce the best results.

Why Is The Balance Of Copper So Important?

No matter what the source the copper comes from, it binds to organic matter. Once it reaches into the sediment layer, it is present in the upper couple of inches of substrate. This is where organic matter is most concentrated. That part of the sediment contains some of the most essential organisms for a freshwater ecosystem, which includes beneficial invertebrates, plants, and bacteria. This area is where they call home and combined they comprised the based of the entire freshwater food chain. Smaller organisms tend to feed on microorganisms and floating plant material (detritus), and the consumption levels continue to increase.

Fire algae (Pyrrophyta) cleaning services

An example of those levels contained in freshwater is the way that phytoplankton photosynthesizes. They are consumed by larval fish, then sunfish eat the larval fish, and a heron grabs the sunfish out of the water. That is a very general overview of how life flows, but it does illustrate an integral aspect of ecology. It is very important to note that everything begins at the boom. If there are no microorganisms and plants, there is no food for smaller organisms, and then, in turn, there will be nothing to eat for the bigger organisms. It appears that the key to a sustainable pond and functioning ecosystem is maintaining healthy sediment.

If there is an algae bloom that is beginning to spread, then there needs to be an immediate concern for the pond’s health. It might be obvious that the algae bloom must be dealt with. However, the huge number of products that are available for that situation can be very overwhelming. Chelated copper can be very useful in these situations. The algae blooms can be killed using a small dose, and with minimal amounts of copper being added into the ecosystem. The small dose of copper also allows different products to be used after application. An enzyme product that has extra bacteria add a couple of days after the chelated copper is applied is one of the more common supplements for chelated copper applications. They speed up the process of dead algae decomposition, which reduces the chance that the blooms will reoccur. Given how well the chelated copper works with those organisms, it is proof of how less damaging it is compared to copper crystal products.

Overall Pond Balance

Maintaining balance in a pond is the goal of every good pond owner. Although a pond might look peaceful, it can be easy to forget that there is an ongoing battle at all times for space and resources among various organisms. Algae is not an exception. Whenever conditions are right, they are among the most successful organisms when it comes to rapidly expanding. Control needs to occur decisively and quickly. However, when algae have cleared up, pond owners still want to see their fish and plants thrive. Chelated copper is an excellent way to tackle that problem and allow the environment to flourish once the algae have subsided. The best treatment method to use is one that targets the problem specifically, with minimal or no side effects. If used properly, the solution can be based on chelated copper.

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Koi Pond 101: How To Prepare for Installation https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/pond-installation/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pond-installation Sun, 08 Mar 2020 21:11:07 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=5131 Installing a Koi Pond in your Backyard? Here’s a few tips before breaking ground There is a lot of material related to installation of a koi pond, and if any landscaper wants to learn more about them and better understand them, we suggest learning as much as possible before breaking ground. Wes Glenn, the owner […]

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Installing a Koi Pond in your Backyard? Here’s a few tips before breaking ground

There is a lot of material related to installation of a koi pond, and if any landscaper wants to learn more about them and better understand them, we suggest learning as much as possible before breaking ground. Wes Glenn, the owner of Lake Management Inc, a company located in Orange County, California, has purchased many koi pond related books. He’s browsed various websites, asked around, and even looked at manufactures materials, and he realizes that koi ponds aren’t simple as people think.

Where to find Pond Supplies for your Build?

Glenn suggests gathering your pond supplies before you build. Most can be bought online or at a local Orange County pond store.  Glenn and the owners of Indland Koi have been working together for over 10 years, Lake Management Inc has referred people to the pond store for supplies, and in return the pond store referred customers to LMI for builds, maintenance, and repairs. Both companies trust each other to keep their customers happy and work well together.

Glenn says that there is more to designing and building a koi pond than putting a hole in the ground, adding some liner and adding water, and realizing this is the key to making a successful koi pond. The size of the components used in one koi pond can differ from the next, and different water flow calculations will be needed for these components. According to Glenn, the amount of water being driven through the skimmer, as well as the UV light, pond and waterfall, will be important, as well as the speed of the water. Both high flow rate and low flow rate skimmers exist. Figuring out the right design elements can take a bit of experience. In some ways, a koi pond building is similar to a swimming pool, in that both have skimmers, pumps, and filters that will have to be installed. A sand filter filter or pressure filter, two skimmers, and two centrifugal pumps are usually used when we build ponds that are larger in size.

pond pump and filtration installation

Proper Pond Equipment in Key

Lake Management Inc recommends that a UV light be used in ponds that get a lot of sunlight to prevent the growth of floating algae, and with “slow-flow” technology build in if possible. Glenn says that while the fish won’t be harmed by the algae, it will be harder to see them when it is present.

For the ponds that he makes, a 30-45 mil liner is used. Figuring out which pumps and filters are the best was a process of trial and error by Glenn but is vital to a successful pond build and should not be neglected. He says that it’s necessary for him to shop around, because the skimmer offered by a company may not be as good as their exceptional filter. Instead of using one supplier or sticking with only common brands, Glenn insists that landscapers shop around as well. To him, the quality of the products can vary greatly but he has a list of products he always uses. “Never go for products with bead technology” he says. “There are better options than these products, as they are heavily marketed and over-priced for what they offer, gravel and sand can do the job just fine” he said.

The aquatic management firm that Glenn owns is just one in the tiny amount of firms that deals with koi pond construction. Other companies build specialty ponds, but don’t handle koi ponds. Glenn believes that being able to build koi ponds and perform landscaping is good. He says that people who want a good looking landscape are the people who are likely to have a koi pond installed. His company discusses the options that are available when people want a consultation. A still landscape can’t match the beauty of a moving fish and water in a koi pond, so Glenn tries to stress the importance of koi ponds and waterfalls to the customer. He says that they are attractions that people will actually go outside to see, unlike a flower.

The idea of a fish may not be appealing at first to people who just want a pond with a waterfall. According to Glenn, not everyone is keen on the koi because they require some amount of care. Like any household pet, koi will need to be given food. Unlike most pets, koi don’t have to be fed every day. Still they must be cared for, and the skimmers needed to be cleaned often. Those who travel a lot will find it more difficult to take care of them.

koi fish supply

Koi Fish or No Fish?

Glenn states that while the initial reaction for many is to decline the fish, usually they will start to want them after having the pond for a bit. Once they add some fish to their pond, he says that they marvel in their beauty and want to add more to the pond. Even if the customers have no desire for koi, Glenn does his best to convince them into getting a pond that will be able to house them. He says koi are bigger than other smaller fish and need a pond to accommodate their size.

There are financial and practicality issues with altering a small pond. Making a small pond bigger isn’t easy to do and may require an investment that is hard to make. A minimum pond that is 32 inches deep and 20 by 15 feet in size is recommended by Glenn, with the option for bigger ponds existing. There won’t be any room for koi in a pond that is smaller than that, and they’ll have stunted growth.

How Deep Should The Pond Be?

Glenn does mention that the ponds can be too deep and they shouldn’t be made this way. A homeowner may be pleased at the idea of having a 7 feet deep pond when a builder tries to sell them on it. A pond that deep will have fish that are harder to see because they’re all at the bottom. Homeowners are more likely to interact with the fish in ponds that are 3 feet deep. When the koi see you coming, they know it’s feeding time and act like pets, which is an entertaining experience for the owners.

Glenn says that koi ponds can be added to many yards due to their adaptable nature. Homes with septic tanks are the exception, as the pond shouldn’t be anywhere near a septic field. Yards with mature trees that are large may also present a problem, as the trees roots can become a problem for the pond.

pond plants for sale

Pond Plants Add Beauty

The koi ponds that Lake Management Inc builds often times has aquatic plants mixed with them. For Glenn, the look of a koi pond goes hand in hand with landscaping, and he feels this is what sets his ponds apart from others. Other companies often leave the landscaping task to the homeowners after creating the pond. Many ponds don’t have a good visual style because they’re nothing but rocks with no landscaping. According to Glenn, people enjoy his water features because of the landscaping.

There’s a lot of information on Glenn website about koi ponds. Customers can learn about topics such as lighting, filtration, and even nitrogen cycles. Videos of the pond projects can be seen, and homeowners can sometimes get a first hand look at ponds Glenn has constructed. For Glenn, people put more trust into him as an expert when they learn more, and believes it’s what makes the company more noticeable than other companies.

Glenn has a great passion for the koi and doesn’t simply view them as a way to make money. While landscaping is his job, Glenn genuinely loves koi and water features. Ultimately, he just wants to provide his clients with ponds and water features of the highest quality.

Want to begin your pond build but not sure where to begin? Feel free to give us a call (714) 312-1260

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Should I add an Aerator Fountain to my Lake or Pond? https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/should-i-add-an-aerator-fountain-to-my-lake-or-pond/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=should-i-add-an-aerator-fountain-to-my-lake-or-pond Tue, 21 Jan 2020 19:59:14 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=5029 The Purpose and Methods of Lake Aeration Lakes are water bodies surrounded by land that enhances the beauty of nature. They are home to many marine creatures and serve as excellent fishing spots for anglers. Many local lakes store the water poured down during rain, and collect residues after storms, including homeowner associations, golf courses, […]

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The Purpose and Methods of Lake Aeration

Lakes are water bodies surrounded by land that enhances the beauty of nature. They are home to many marine creatures and serve as excellent fishing spots for anglers. Many local lakes store the water poured down during rain, and collect residues after storms, including homeowner associations, golf courses, and more – Above all, lakes act as ecosystems for living organisms and the physical environment.  

While lakes and ponds serve so many purposes, these bodies of water, often get overlooked. When was the last time you cleaned the lake or pond in your premises? Do you remember when was it last aerated? Perhaps, you don’t even remember.

Ponds and lakes require aeration to thrive. Leaving the lakes unmanaged, causes physical and chemical imbalances to develop in the water body. Lack of oxygen in the water level of lakes reduces their lifespan and damage the surrounding environment.

What is Aeration?

When the oxygen level is reduced in the lakes or ponds, aeration becomes essential. It is a process through which the content of dissolved oxygen is increased in the water. There are multiple ways of increasing the oxygen content in the lakes, including:

  •         Injecting air in the lake
  •         Injecting pure oxygen
  •         Aeration by mechanical agitation

lake diffuser installation services

Different Aeration Models

There are many options when it comes to choosing an aeration model for your pond or lake. So, if you’re considering manage a nearby lake or pond, it will be helpful knowing some of the aeration models.

Solar Aeration Models

Aeration systems that run on solar power are an all-rounder. First, solar aeration models are eco-friendly and economical. Also, these systems offer placement flexibility as they don’t require an additional power supply.

 Windmill Aeration Models

Yet another eco-friendly option for aeration. No need to mention that the aeration system administered through windmills use wind power. It pushes oxygen through the windmill compressor. The air passes from the compressor to a tube which is placed at the bottom of the lake/pond. The air is then released to the pond through a diffuser.
These two environmentally-friendly aeration models work best in remote locations. However, surface agitation is a common aeration method used for a study supply of oxygen into ponds and lakes.

Methods of Lake Aeration

Surface aerators not only help meet the oxygen need of ponds and lakes but also have an aesthetic appeal to them. Primarily, the oxygen enters the water in two ways:

  •         Diffusion from the surroundings
  •         Photosynthesis by Aqua plants

Considering the characteristics of the lake or pond, you may choose either of the following aeration systems for the water body.

lake fountain aeration installation

Aeration through Fountains

Fountains can serve as excellent aeration system. The beautiful ornamental structures, placed in the middle of a pond or lake, pump water into the air. Floating fountains are a visual treat. While the aesthetically-pleasing patterns attract the onlookers, shallow ponds and lakes also benefit from them.

 As the jets spray water and splashes back on the lake, beneficial oxygen is developed. This allows the submerged gases at the surface level to escape.

Submersed Diffused Aeration

Floating fountains are not ideal for deep ponds and lakes. For aerating the lower depth levels, submersed diffused aeration systems are the right choice. The submerged system uses an on-shore compressor for pumping air through a tube to submerge bubble diffusers.

The bubbles carry the low oxygenated water from the bottom to the surface. The water is then mixed with the atmospheric oxygen and the rich surface water before sinking back. The missing cycle helps increase the dissolved oxygen content throughout the lake or pond.

How does Lake Aeration help?

Perhaps, you think that aeration only helps stabilize oxygen levels in the water bodies. While it is true, lake aeration has much more to offer. Let’s have a look at some of the purposes that lake aeration serves.

Aeration Combats Muck

As time passes, nutrients start settling at the surface of the pond in the form of muck. The muck makes the pond unsightly and is unpleasant to feel. Also, the muck build-up causes a stingy odor and serves as a breeding ground for leeches. However, lake aeration helps reduce the muck and other decomposers accumulated at the bottom. Original content source lakemanagementinc.net

Aeration increases Oxygen Level in the Lake

Lake water needs oxygen for the aquatic creatures as well as for the development of beneficial bacteria. When the oxygen levels decrease in the pond water, the lake helps anaerobic bacteria to grow in the water.

Compared to the beneficial bacteria, anaerobic bacteria is not effective for breaking down organic elements at the surface. Anaerobic bacteria lead to the production of hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide in the lake, thereby causing an unpleasant odor. Aerating the ponds and lakes help maintain a healthy aerobic system and cause no damage.

Aeration Help Aquatic Life Survival

Aeration is equally important for the aquatic habitat to survive. In case you don’t know, oxygen levels in the water help fish swim through. As the fish swims in oxygenated water, the air molecules pass through the gills help fish to survive.

The warm water fish especially needs oxygen as low oxygen levels can kill them. An adequate supply of oxygen helps maintain the levels, thereby improving the living conditions for the warm fish. Besides fish, other aquatic animals and plants also need oxygen stabilized oxygen levels. Lake aeration helps plants at the surface to grow healthier.

Aeration deals with Stratification

Sometimes, lakes get separated into layers with each layer having a different temperature. This is called stratification and can be harmful to the natural habitat and resources in the lake. Aeration system help maintain water circulation, thereby stopping the stratification of the lake in different layers. Most commonly, environmentalists use air injection or mechanical agitation for destratification.

 Aeration Improves Water Quality

Aerating the lakes and ponds help improve the quality of water across the surface and bottom. As the oxygen circulates in the water at a regular interval, it stabilizes the Ph. Aeration also removes harmful gases from the surface, thereby balancing the alkalinity of the lake.

Final Thoughts

Ponds and lakes also need oxygen levels in an adequate amount for various reasons. When lakes are left unmanaged for a long period, muck starts to settle in the surface. The pH levels can increase to dangerous levels, posing a serious threat to aquatic habitat. Lake aeration systems are effective solutions for pond and lake management. Aeration helps improve water quality by increasing oxygen levels at the surface.

Original Content Source: Lakemanagementinc.net

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Is Algae Bad For Your Pond? https://www.lakemanagementinc.net/is-algae-bad-for-your-pond/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=is-algae-bad-for-your-pond Tue, 21 Jan 2020 19:43:02 +0000 http://www.lakemanagementinc.net/?p=5024 What is Pond Algae, and Is It Bad For My Pond? Algae is a term used for a diverse group of organisms similar to plants. These organisms exist largely in ponds but are found in other water bodies as well. Algae help maintain ecological balance in the water bodies. Summer is the peak season for […]

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What is Pond Algae, and Is It Bad For My Pond?

Algae is a term used for a diverse group of organisms similar to plants. These organisms exist largely in ponds but are found in other water bodies as well. Algae help maintain ecological balance in the water bodies.

Summer is the peak season for the growth of Algae. July and August are the months when pond algae are on full-bloom. Similar to plants, algae also grow under the sunlight. These organisms combine carbon dioxide and water to form sugar for growth and energy. 

Not sure what type of Algae you’re dealing with? Check out the most common types of pond algae we run into when managing our clienteles water features.

When Can Algae Be an Issue?

Algae are oxygen producers; however, in the absence of sunlight, algae respire at a high rate. During the respiration process, algae use sugar and oxygen, thereby releasing carbon dioxide. As a result, the oxygen level depletes in the pond or lake.

Since the shallow ponds have direct exposure of sunlight, they serve as a breeding ground for different algae. Also, shallow water is warmer, so they encourage the growth of pond algae.

Not only this aquatic vegetation is unsightly, but it also affects the quality of the aquatic ecosystem. The HABs (Harmful Algal blooms) deplete oxygen in the water and are life-threatening for the gill-breathing organisms.

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Types of Algae

Algae are living organisms found in all water bodies, including lakes and ponds. Phytoplankton, commonly known as algae can be unicellular or multi-cellular. Some algae are grouped together in colonies, and there are as many as 30,000 species of algae living in water bodies.

However, pond keepers become aware of the existence of algae bloom when it appears in all its glory, affecting the ecological balance. Algae do not have stems or roots and reproduce by means of fragmentation, spores, or cell division.

Algae or cyanobacteria live on excess nutrients found in the water and exist in many shapes and colors. Some of the common pond algae are as follows.

Planktonic Algae

Planktonic algae are, perhaps, the most widespread and commonly found pond algae. Some organisms are unicellular, and some are composed of colonies of single cells. These microscopic pond plants have a variety of colors, from light blue to bright green, golden and red. Within the blue-green algae, there exist many varieties with different colors, including brown algae and yellow algae.

Planktonic algae are the primary producers in the food chain, which is the main food source in the ponds. Original content source lakemanagementinc.net Blooming planktonic algae may appear as a dye in the pond water and cannot be removed easily. The algal blooms cover the entire waterbody, forming dense masses on the surface.

The high concentration of planktonic algae causes oxygen to deplete, thereby killing the aquatic habitat. Blue-green algae thrive on nitrogen and carbon dioxide. Species of Cyanobacteria –the blue-green algae –are not only toxic to the fish but also humans and wildlife.

Chlorella, Microcystis, Tabellaria, and Chlamydomonas are some of the planktonic algae.

Filamentous Algae

There are various names for Filamentous pond algae, like moss or pond scum. Filamentous algae start growing from the ponds’ edge and slowly rise. The filaments reach the surface of the waterbody and appear as greenish mats.

The patches of filamentous algae are joined in a series of cells and have long, slimy, and cottony texture. The dense patches often appear as bright green scum, but may also exhibit shades of browns or yellows in case of dying algae.

High levels of phosphorus and calcium stimulate the growth of filamentous algae in the pond. Also, high-nutrient load or stagnation promotes filamentous algae production. Poorly managed filamentous growth can be harmful to the survival of aquatic life.

Some of the common filamentous algae include Lyngby, Spirogyra, Anabaena, Spirulina, and Pithophora.

Golden algae

Another pond algae species are the Golden algae found mostly in freshwater lakes and ponds. Golden algae are one-celled organisms that can produce a toxin, just like the blue-green algae. The production of the toxin is detrimental for the aquatic life as it damages the respiratory system in gill-breathing organisms, such as amphibians, fish, and crayfish.

When the gill-breathing organisms encounter toxins, the gills become dysfunctional and find it difficult to absorb oxygen from the water surface. The low oxygen levels cause internal bleeding in the species, which eventually kills them. Golden algae are toxic to fish and can result in their death without an early sign.

Macro-Algae

Many people tend to confuse macro-algae with aquatic plants because they are multi-cellular organisms. Macro-algae is common to marine than freshwaters. These algal blooms grow like pants and have a root-like stem. However, unlike the plants, macro-algae don’t have true roots.

Macro-algae occupies the same ecological niche as aquatic plants. Some of the macro-algae, such as Starry Stonewort, are believed to be detrimental. Other examples of macro-algae include Nitella spp. And Chara spp.

Impact of Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs)

Algal blooms refer to fast-growing cyanobacteria or blue-green algae in the water. It spreads as a colored scum on the surface of the water body. While some algae have little to no impact on the pond’s health, others may prove to be harmful. Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) are detrimental to aquatic life.

HABs can occur naturally or may be induced by humans. Algae blooms in large concentrations pose a threat to the pond’s ecosystem. HABs alter the chemical balance, thereby creating toxic conditions for humans, fish, and wildlife. Blue-green algae are the main stimulant of HABs.

HABs are a potential threat to agriculture and drinking water resources. Studies suggest that exposure to cyanotoxins may cause some serious neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease, ALS, and Alzheimer’s. The blue-green toxin algae can be found in all water bodies, small and large, including ponds, lakes, and stormwater.

Final Thoughts

 Cyanobacteria are not only harmful to pond life but also pose a threat to humans. Today, many states are following the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) cyanobacteria guidelines for prevention. Pond keepers and owners are adopting measures for ensuring safety against HABs. 

Original Content Source: Lakemanagementinc.net

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